Resources:  Why Punishment Doesn’t Work

Punishment doesn’t change behavior, affects the brain in ways that lower empathy, and simply is not working.

Punishment and Young People

Punishment can be particularly damaging for developing young people.

Incarceration and Solitary Confinement

Learn more about these common retributive practices and their effects.

Disproportionality and Discrimination

The criminal justice system in the US targets certain groups, notable people of color, low income people, and people with mental illness, at disproportionate rates.

Punishment and Profit

In the US, the punishment industry makes huge profits at the expense of smart policy.